Sun Tzu said: The art of war is of vital importance to the
It is a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to
ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be
The art of war, then, is governed by five constant factors, to be
taken into account in one’s deliberations, when seeking to
determine the conditions obtaining in the field.
These are: (1) The Moral Law; (2) Heaven; (3) Earth; (4) The
Commander; (5) Method and discipline. .

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