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The concept of sustainability dates back to the 1970s as a concept applied to ecological issues and in the World Conservation Strategy and eventually, can now be applied in tackling socio-economic issues. The concept has its root in the 1987 United Nations’ Commission Report by Gro Harlem Brundtland where sustainability was defined as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. According to the report sustainable development is essentially “a process of change in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and the institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human need and aspiration”.
In other words, the concept of sustainability and its corollary sustainable development, have become part of the political rhetoric of the 1980s in part due to the recent report of Brundtland Commission (Dixon and Fallon, 1989).
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